The Venezuelan people have marked the 12th anniversary of the right-wing military coup on April 11, 2002, that briefly ousted former President Hugo Chavez.
In an historically unprecedented event, the coup was overturned within 48 hours by a mass uprising of the people and soldiers loyal to the Bolivarian revolution.
This year’s anniversary occurs in the context of one of the most intense right-wing destabilisation campaigns since the dramatic days of 2002.
There are parallels between then and now. In both cases, the old elites rebelled against government measures that sought to benefit the poor. While decrying repression and lack of democracy, in both instances, right-wing forces employed violence in order to remove a government by undemocratic means.
But there are also key differences. The Bolivarian revolution today controls the state oil company and enjoys strong support within the military. Most importantly, it is based on greater organisation among the people.